Wood pellets are up-to -date biofuels made from compressed organic matter or biomass. Wood pellets are the most common type of pellet fuel and are generally made from compacted sawdust and related industrial wastes from the milling of lumber, manufacture of wood products and furniture, and construction.
They can be used as fuels for power generation, commercial or residential heating, and cooking.
Pellets are produced by compressing the wood material which has first passed through a hammer mill to provide a uniform dough-like mass. This mass is fed to a press, where it is squeezed through a die having holes of the size required (normally 6 mm diameter, sometimes 8 mm or larger).
It was originated from Sweden in 1890s, and today proliferated worldwide.
The quality requirements are based on an international standard: ISO 17225-2. This international standard has replaced the European Standard EN 14961-2. EnplusA1 certificate not only fulfills the ISO 17225-2 provisions, but requires even stricter quality criteria. This quality seal stands for low emissions and trouble-free heating with high energy value.
Advantages of wood pellets:
- environmentally friendly material
- highest energy efficiency, higher than of charcoal and fuel wood
- low consumption
- low fire and explosion hazard
- easy to store and transport over long distances
- high combustion efficiency
- extremely dense
- low moisture (below 10%)
- low production costs
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